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Oxygen Conservation and Management During Health Emergencies

Systems for delivering oxygen play a critical role in deciding how patients receive oxygen therapy and are essential to conservation initiatives. Low-flow and high-flow systems are the two general categories into which these systems fall. Low-flow devices, like simple face masks, non-rebreather face masks and nasal prongs, deliver oxygen at a rate lower than the patient’s total respiratory requirements, conserving oxygen while meeting patient needs. High-flow devices, such as high-flow nasal cannulas, are essential for patients in critical respiratory distress because they deliver a larger volume of oxygen. Making the right system choice based on individual patient requirements is essential to optimizing oxygen efficiency.

Healthcare facilities can conserve oxygen in a variety of ways  Regular audits of oxygen consumption help in identifying waste and make it easier to carry out corrective measures. In order to avoid the misuse of oxygen, it is important to train healthcare workers on how to use oxygen delivery systems optimally. In addition, keeping ventilators and other oxygen delivery equipment in good working order as well as securing all connections in the oxygen supply system are both crucial for preventing leaks and conserving oxygen.

Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, a number of innovative technologies surfaced aimed at encouraging the preservation of oxygen. Solutions for supplying oxygen on demand, which only provide oxygen when inhaling, substantially decrease waste. An innovative system that delivers precise and customized oxygenation based on a patient’s SpO2 levels was successfully developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) of India. This method was designed to meet the specific medical needs of each patient. These advances ensure that patients receive the highest quality care for their distinct clinical conditions while simultaneously optimizing oxygen use.

The COVID-19 pandemic has presented significant challenges and highlighted the importance of efficient oxygen management and conservation methods in healthcare environments. Healthcare systems can strengthen their resilience and guarantee the successful and effective application of medical oxygen during crises through adopting best practices and employing cutting-edge technologies. This strategy is necessary for anticipating and navigating medical emergencies in the future and ensuring the most vulnerable have access to oxygen that can sustain life.


Jha, M., & Gaur, N. (2022). Life cycle of medical oxygen from production to consumption. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 11(1231), 1231-1236. DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_956_21

McCoy, R. W. (2013). Options for home oxygen therapy equipment: Storage and metering of oxygen in the home. Respiratory Care, 58, 658-685


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